How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

SmarterEveryDay
26 772 Baxış 2,7M
Elm & Texnologiya

Go to buyraycon.com/smarter for 15% off your order. Brought to you by Raycon. Click here if you're interested in subscribing: bit.ly/Subscribe2SED
The absolute best way to help the channel is by supporting Smarter Every Day on Patreon: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
⇊ Click below for more links! ⇊
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Tweet Ideas to me at:
smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day on Patreon
www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day On Instagram
smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day SubReddit
www.reddit.com/r/smartereveryday
Ambiance, audio and musicy things by: Gordon McGladdery
www.ashellinthepit.com/
ashellinthepit.bandcamp.com/
If you feel like this video was worth your time and added value to your life, please SHARE THE VIDEO!
If you REALLY liked it, feel free to pitch in and support Smarter Every Day by becoming a Patron: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Warm Regards,
Destin

Şərh

  1. SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay
    6 gün əvvəl

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    1. Gw Builder
      Gw Builder
      5 saat əvvəl

      @Stan Ervin The idea is plausible; however, the lower the efficiency of the plant the more toxicity is generated. I think that is where the problem begins because the benefit verse the compound detriments create a negative cycle. In the natural environment those conditions can be overcome, but in a dependent environment where the oxygen generation is a necessity, those negatives make a no go situation. I like your determination, there is definitely an answer somewhere.

    2. Stan Ervin
      Stan Ervin
      6 saat əvvəl

      @Gw Builder Thank you for the input/clarification. My thoughts were leaning towards the use of ultra efficient low power consumption LEDs in a spectrum of sufficient fine tuning to obtain maximum O2 generation, perhaps utilizing arrays of Fresnel lenses. Just seems plausible. I feel like it could be utilized to oxygenate the vessel at least in a supplemental role with other methods that are currently implemented, even if a 25% level of impact is realized.

    3. Chip Elliott
      Chip Elliott
      8 saat əvvəl

      How many candles do these subs carry?

    4. Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
      Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
      9 saat əvvəl

      @Brett Moore I know about the submarine o2 but how about the iss? Have your tried a search engine? Tell an person an answer they will ask simple questions on and on! Teach a person to use a search engine then you dont have to waste time reading simple questions that can be answered with a search engine!

    5. Gw Builder
      Gw Builder
      10 saat əvvəl

      @Stan Ervin Simple answer. The Chinese actually tried this exact experiment on the dark side of the moon in recent years with complete failure. Other similar experiments are being done on the space station with some success, but sunlight is still necessary. Some micro organisms were tested with success, but that information is apparently not available to the public. The idea is reasonable until put into reality. All known oxygen producing plant life (including algae) sufficient for human breathing require some form of sunlight in their photosynthetic process for oxygen to be produced. Submarines have been in existence since the Civil war, if there was a way to utilize plants in some form or other I'm sure the scientific community would be celebrating it right now. The Mars missions depend on such a discovery. There are multiple test facilities around the world challenging people to survive in the most inhospitable environments in preparation for the Mars missions and oxygen generation is the number one priority, water is second, and food, survivability along with many other situations follow in priority after that. In this instance there is overwhelming evidence in the proof of concept phase to eliminate that particular possibility, at least for now. I agree that there is always new information developing and the idea is absolutely reasonable to continue research because perhaps someone will indeed discover the missing ingredient. I actually grow, propagate, graft, and merge different species of plants and trees. Trying to maintain these plants in their optimal environment is challenging enough, imagine the types of modification required to sustain them without those systems. I am sure some of those modifications are probably happening on the station. The purpose is to go beyond the information we already have and explore new possibilities. I think the plant and algae ideas have huge merit; however, there are significant setbacks because with reduced sunlight oxygen production is reduced and toxicity is increased. The unknown is where the real possibilities are just waiting to be discovered.

  2. Sym doxe
    Sym doxe
    24 dəqiqə əvvəl

    Woah that's not a name you hear everyday that's a really cool name Dow, Dow Jones

  3. Daruween
    Daruween
    34 dəqiqə əvvəl

    amongus

  4. Tom Baker
    Tom Baker
    36 dəqiqə əvvəl

    Why are they wearing hats? Is the sun in their eyes?

  5. Daniel Cabral
    Daniel Cabral
    39 dəqiqə əvvəl

    I'm literally learning about osmosis and electrolysis on school at the moment.

  6. JaThe Winner
    JaThe Winner
    51 dəqiqə əvvəl

    I have two questions left from the torpedo video: 1. Where does the additional sea water that went into the second tank go? 2. Why do we give bullets a spin around their axis but not torpedos?

  7. 喬冶
    喬冶
    53 dəqiqə əvvəl

    贊...........

  8. Miles C. Anthony
    Miles C. Anthony
    57 dəqiqə əvvəl

    Oxygen stores, filters 'n scrubbers. Adios.

  9. Jez
    Jez
    58 dəqiqə əvvəl

    For the non native english speakers who struggle with the accents, the noise and the technical terms in this video, turn on the subtitles :)

  10. Nabman11
    Nabman11
    Saat əvvəl

    That isn't Dow. I saw Austin Evans steal his uniform and sneak inside the submarine after he spent a week long bender smoking crack and playing MGS.

  11. MrFrosty Vlogs
    MrFrosty Vlogs
    Saat əvvəl

    cant they use a thermal camera or temp camera to find the leaked pipes? that would be easier and fast

  12. Random Entertainment videos
    Random Entertainment videos
    Saat əvvəl

    2 days later at school, how do you make oxygen in a submarine,,,,,,,,urinalysis

  13. Krabbe
    Krabbe
    Saat əvvəl

    Its the kosatka!

  14. nExoR LU
    nExoR LU
    Saat əvvəl

    can any of these methods be used on megascale? e.g. for cities

  15. John Rosario
    John Rosario
    Saat əvvəl

    @lav luka

  16. SafetyThird
    SafetyThird
    Saat əvvəl

    Thanks man, always wanted to know this

  17. Erbi Gimbi
    Erbi Gimbi
    Saat əvvəl

    It's totally fascinating.

  18. Davy Jones
    Davy Jones
    Saat əvvəl

    Clinkers: a term from the coal burning boiler days when spend COAL ash had SLAG deposits that were called clinkers. The Clinkers were more of a solid mass then a powder ash.

  19. John Cook
    John Cook
    Saat əvvəl

    The fragile man biosynthetically object because increase erroneously bat save a steadfast blowgun. marvelous, deeply colt

  20. LynxEng
    LynxEng
    Saat əvvəl

    They probably spend more time repairing that Xerox MultiFuntion Printer than they do repairing anything on the sub

  21. SSS Smile
    SSS Smile
    Saat əvvəl

    Destin looks like Austin with a cap

  22. Octo Games
    Octo Games
    2 saat əvvəl

    Video Idea. Will you consider an episode on gold and off world mining and how mining elements off world would effect traditional market value and manufacturing?

  23. Josemanuel Piceno Vasquez
    Josemanuel Piceno Vasquez
    2 saat əvvəl

    Is it acceptable to call it a boat when it's a sub?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      Saat əvvəl

      Yes. Submarines are affectionately known as “boats”.

  24. Overdose Tech
    Overdose Tech
    2 saat əvvəl

    THAT GUY LOOKS LIKE AUSTIN EVANS 😂 NICE.

  25. Viva Wö
    Viva Wö
    2 saat əvvəl

    Why don't they simply use plants?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      Saat əvvəl

      How many plants do you think you’d need to make enough oxygen for 150 people? How much fresh water would they use up?

  26. Serial Chiller
    Serial Chiller
    2 saat əvvəl

    did u see that bass pro cup? i wont tell the time go look for it

  27. DimljenaRiba
    DimljenaRiba
    2 saat əvvəl

    Im happy I witnessed a time where actual humans were on submarines! So much science... *wow*

  28. Themagicphonebooth Q
    Themagicphonebooth Q
    3 saat əvvəl

    So technically a submarine can be in space?

    1. treverios
      treverios
      56 dəqiqə əvvəl

      Not for long without the water for cooling and electrolysis. Furthermore, the hull was not designed for the low temperatures in space.

  29. Ryder Scheeren
    Ryder Scheeren
    3 saat əvvəl

    The receptive sushi utrastructurally gaze because bank perceptually fasten except a silky grasshopper. luxuriant, neighborly tom-tom

  30. Brainstorm Surge
    Brainstorm Surge
    3 saat əvvəl

    Raycon earbuds suck. Good marketing, terrible product.

  31. Brainstorm Surge
    Brainstorm Surge
    3 saat əvvəl

    Reminds me of playing Oxygen Not Included.

  32. Gerard Ligonde
    Gerard Ligonde
    3 saat əvvəl

    The jazzy channel biomechanically nest because mistake chronologically rain worth a callous river. colossal, anxious sleep

  33. Eric He
    Eric He
    3 saat əvvəl

    Subs=subscribers get oxygen by breathing

  34. Daniel Sánchez
    Daniel Sánchez
    3 saat əvvəl

    Nothing interesting in the comments, I saved you 5 minutes of bs.

  35. Michael Pritchard
    Michael Pritchard
    4 saat əvvəl

    Why don't subs run out of oxygen? We don't.

  36. Hermitey Perez Triana
    Hermitey Perez Triana
    4 saat əvvəl

    Claustrophobia

  37. WellAaron
    WellAaron
    4 saat əvvəl

    great now it made me want to play more oxygen not included

  38. rob ten tije
    rob ten tije
    4 saat əvvəl

    sounds pretty corona proof air flows true the boat

  39. Lv.99 Mastermind
    Lv.99 Mastermind
    4 saat əvvəl

    Bruh just put gills on the sub

  40. Erick
    Erick
    4 saat əvvəl

    This guy comes off rude

  41. Oqii99 Hhp87
    Oqii99 Hhp87
    4 saat əvvəl

    The tacit shorts electronmicroscopically retire because alibi technologically hop beyond a busy camel. future futuristic, utopian rhinoceros

  42. illesizs
    illesizs
    4 saat əvvəl

    How complicated would it be to electrolyse CO² into carbon and oxygen?

  43. Dan Lo Fat
    Dan Lo Fat
    5 saat əvvəl

    Oh they're like the Galaxy 150 earbuds I'm kind of case same kind of charging yep

  44. Melissa8472
    Melissa8472
    5 saat əvvəl

    really cool video!

  45. Google User
    Google User
    5 saat əvvəl

    West Jefferson, Ohio, right on

  46. Patrick
    Patrick
    5 saat əvvəl

    Nice Miracle on Ice picture 2:43

  47. Dan Lo Fat
    Dan Lo Fat
    5 saat əvvəl

    Not only is an oxygen candle cool it's also super quiet so if they got to run silent it can still breathe for a long time

  48. Jacob Nations
    Jacob Nations
    5 saat əvvəl

    *shines light directly on his face*

  49. Mohamed Amine Trigui
    Mohamed Amine Trigui
    5 saat əvvəl

    The whole game was a hide and seek

  50. Roger Finch
    Roger Finch
    5 saat əvvəl

    So, while we are talking "science", you do realize that you can't just "hook" up anything to a nuclear reactor to get electricity........right ? A reactor merely generates heat energy in a primary loop, which in turn heats up water in a secondary loop to form steam for a turbine generator which is what creates your electricity.

    1. Charles Quackenbush.
      Charles Quackenbush.
      3 saat əvvəl

      Duhhhhh

  51. Dan Lo Fat
    Dan Lo Fat
    5 saat əvvəl

    What do they do for nitrogen add

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      Saat əvvəl

      We don’t need to replenish the nitrogen in the air; nothing consumes it.

  52. KopaZ
    KopaZ
    5 saat əvvəl

    TLDR: 2 H2O = 2 H2 + O2 AKA electrolysis.

  53. † Masterhp †
    † Masterhp †
    5 saat əvvəl

    Me when I'm playing oxygen not included

  54. Michael Spinelli
    Michael Spinelli
    5 saat əvvəl

    Dow explains things about as well as submarines fly.

  55. Anton Belaschenko
    Anton Belaschenko
    5 saat əvvəl

    I am not used to seeing him with out the hat

  56. Neko Slacker
    Neko Slacker
    5 saat əvvəl

    It’s just a long tube like a snorkel

  57. TheBros2theend
    TheBros2theend
    6 saat əvvəl

    Jesus Christ loves you

  58. founder of coreism
    founder of coreism
    6 saat əvvəl

    They could use the hydrogen as a fuel source instead on dumping it. And fresh water. HHO gas (hydrogen) exhausts 100% pure water.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      59 dəqiqə əvvəl

      That reaction takes the oxygen back out of the air.

  59. Skyler Baird
    Skyler Baird
    6 saat əvvəl

    FINE I'LL WATCH IT!

  60. DontRobMe13
    DontRobMe13
    6 saat əvvəl

    9:01 - by creating oxygen via electrolysis you also create hydrogen. having an reactive / explosive gas in a sub is dangerous so... how do they get rid of it?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      58 dəqiqə əvvəl

      Straight overboard through a “tailpipe”.

  61. aLiEn
    aLiEn
    6 saat əvvəl

    Thanks a lot for this knowledge.

  62. Toxichammertoe
    Toxichammertoe
    6 saat əvvəl

    No need for extra equipment! Just put alot of plants in there, that solves the problem😉

  63. all the boost
    all the boost
    6 saat əvvəl

    I used the same style HVAC sniffer at car dealerships as a auto tech.

  64. wolfpackflyboy
    wolfpackflyboy
    6 saat əvvəl

    @smartereveryday Is this the same candle/chemistry that’s in the EPOS and/or “Dixie cups” on airplanes?

  65. the Yesinator
    the Yesinator
    6 saat əvvəl

    I am smartly dumb.

  66. Maherda Ekananda
    Maherda Ekananda
    6 saat əvvəl

    I wonder is this method are also use at aircraft in mission that flying at nuclear warfare such as E-4 Airborne Command Post or WC-135 Constant Phoenix.....?

  67. ideally CHIC
    ideally CHIC
    7 saat əvvəl

    The old-fashioned supermarket superficially crawl because tugboat regularly hover through a known celery. quiet, adjoining mustard

  68. ScottNJ
    ScottNJ
    7 saat əvvəl

    Brilliant info. Who knew if you've not been a submariner. No trolling intended, all due respect to PO2 Dow and Destin. 1) PO Dow, please articulate when interviewed. Your service and knowledge are greatly appreciated. 2) Desitn please coach your interviewee.

  69. Saintraft
    Saintraft
    7 saat əvvəl

    ahh yes... imagine if we had upgraded nuclear tech instead of abandoning it all these decades... fascinating stuff.

  70. Ck digital The Q of 6th
    Ck digital The Q of 6th
    7 saat əvvəl

    They mastered the production task of O2 to last very long, but not infinate, which is why they surface eventually. This kind of 'Oxygen'nizing'(to nick name it) still renders in excise of carbon build up stored away, which could be combined with other elements, like say hydrogen to conjure food as carbohydrates, so on a planet like Mars, these resource are not to limited, depending where you are or how long you must be there, if humans ever master pure artifical production of atmospher, they wouldn't need a planetary realms to survive.

  71. Eric Starling
    Eric Starling
    8 saat əvvəl

    I'm an ex A-ganger on an 688I boat. This exact boat type he visited. Awesome memories

  72. ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ
    ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ
    8 saat əvvəl

    Does it really take 30mins to explain this?

  73. Little69
    Little69
    8 saat əvvəl

    Plz make a reverse osmosis video

  74. J Alexander Bill
    J Alexander Bill
    8 saat əvvəl

    shocking lack of comments on Princess Boopersnoot.

  75. goguhu
    goguhu
    8 saat əvvəl

    Kink is pretty much Dutch for 'brick'. It's the residue ash from burning, hardening into a ... brick.

  76. Bernie Lomax
    Bernie Lomax
    8 saat əvvəl

    I used to build the HEX power supplies that run the oxygen generating equipment in the Ohio class. Small company called Treadwell had that contract and they outsourced most of the work to other contractors, we got a lot of that work for 30 years.

  77. Caesar Ong
    Caesar Ong
    8 saat əvvəl

    I cringed a bit when you said "filtered by reverse osmosis". We in the membrane community usually refers to filtration as anything mechanically separated, ultrafiltration is the cutoff for mechanical filtration, anything with smaller pores/molecular void spaces like nanofiltration and osmotic processes we call membrane separation. It can be a bit confusing since "nanofiltration" has the word filter in the name.

  78. Logan Cook
    Logan Cook
    8 saat əvvəl

    Ask someone what happens if there is a leak on a nuclear sub. I'd bet the farm they would have a more intelligent answer than "well then we would have a leak". Thanks don petit. Sorry but you mentioned the lunar lander and i remembered when you asked Don about a leak in a space situation.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      56 dəqiqə əvvəl

      Which fluids are you concerned with?

  79. Chuck Whitson
    Chuck Whitson
    9 saat əvvəl

    I bet with the body odor, facts, bad breath it must smell terrible Inside after months

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      55 dəqiqə əvvəl

      We shower.

    2. Grampy Meyer
      Grampy Meyer
      8 saat əvvəl

      It smells terrible the minute you board.

  80. Woody Wang
    Woody Wang
    9 saat əvvəl

    Everyone knows people on subs take shallow breaths thats why....geeesh

  81. RAFIS03 GAMING
    RAFIS03 GAMING
    9 saat əvvəl

    Salam dari Indonesia

  82. Mahesh Babu
    Mahesh Babu
    9 saat əvvəl

    Really great video brother 💗💗💗💗💗💐💐💐💐💐💐Always God is with you 💐💐💐💐 ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம்

  83. RAFIS03 GAMING
    RAFIS03 GAMING
    9 saat əvvəl

    Indonesia

  84. RAFIS03 GAMING
    RAFIS03 GAMING
    9 saat əvvəl

    Halo

  85. Revtune
    Revtune
    9 saat əvvəl

    These ships literally have a natural gas plant on board. Amine towers, scrubbers, conditioners, yikes. Those things are jammed packed.

  86. diego g.
    diego g.
    9 saat əvvəl

    21:35 how many pens does he has to carry?

  87. The banana lord Who rules all
    The banana lord Who rules all
    9 saat əvvəl

    E

  88. Dilan Singh
    Dilan Singh
    9 saat əvvəl

    I saw carbon dioxide kill co2 on cams and vent

  89. The chaos system
    The chaos system
    9 saat əvvəl

    Loved all this information and the candles that’s cool never knew about the candles but everything else expected knew about and keep on with the education much appreciate it and it’s always good to refresh your memory on things that way you can never forget

  90. Darren Swails
    Darren Swails
    9 saat əvvəl

    20:33 look like an outline of a whale to his right..

  91. André Luz
    André Luz
    9 saat əvvəl

    clinkers because of cement

  92. Shawn Wilson
    Shawn Wilson
    9 saat əvvəl

    Thanks for helping me with my fish checkout 👍

  93. Revtune
    Revtune
    9 saat əvvəl

    We use sniffers in the oil and gas industry to find gas leaks and other harmful gasses such as H2S and explosive gasses.

  94. newbiekunchannel
    newbiekunchannel
    9 saat əvvəl

    Topic Suggestion!!! "Military MRE" how is made, what is the science behind the calories to an actual soldier is using (carring guns, ammo, supplies)

  95. Eddie
    Eddie
    10 saat əvvəl

    Cold liquids tend to absorb (for lack of a better term) gasses more readily than warm liquids. This explains why cold amine is sprayed, compressed...etc.

  96. KodyKK
    KodyKK
    10 saat əvvəl

    To preface this I don't work on a submarine but I have ran amine units. Usually the exchanger to heat up the rich amine before the stripper is exchanging heat with the hot lean amine to cool it before meeting up with the gas, in this case the air. Lean amine usually works best when its somewhere around 15 degrees warmer than the gas it is coming into contact with.

  97. Jay Patterson
    Jay Patterson
    10 saat əvvəl

    Brilliant and detailed explanation of all the processes. I thought it was much more simple, and I had no idea they had to use oxygen candles and have a controlled metal fire onboard the sub, YIKES!!! Amazing solution but it seems so brute force when operating beside a nuclear reactor!

  98. UShaikh1
    UShaikh1
    10 saat əvvəl

    today we become smarter with dustin

  99. Chucky Cheese
    Chucky Cheese
    10 saat əvvəl

    That kid is so smart! What a nice lad

  100. Jay Playz
    Jay Playz
    10 saat əvvəl

    So that’s how pavel stays down there so lomg